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|пали||Tattha rūpāyatanaṃ diṭṭhaṃ nāma dassanavisayattā, saddāyatanaṃ sutaṃ nāma savanavisayattā, gandharasaphoṭṭhabbattayaṃ mutaṃ nāma sampattagāhakaindriyavisayattā, sesaṃ viññātaṃ nāma viññāṇasseva visayattāti evaṃ tāva diṭṭhādicatukkavasena catubbidhaṃ.|
|Nyanamoli thera||Herein, the visible-data base is seen because it is the objective field of seeing. The sound base is heard because it is the objective field of hearing. The three, that is to say, odours, flavours, and tangible data, are sensed (lit. contacted) because they are the objective fields of faculties that take contiguous [objective fields]. The rest are cognized because they are the objective field of consciousness (cognition) only. So firstly it is of four kinds according to the seen, etc., tetrad. 32|
32. “‘Sensed (muta)’ means apprehendable by sensing (mutvā), by reaching;
hence he said ‘because they are the objective fields of faculties that take contiguous [objective fields]’ (cf. §46).
But what is it that is called a tangible datum?
It is the three elements, earth, heat, and air.
But why is the water element not included here? Is not cold apprehended by touching; and that is the water element?
Certainly it is apprehended but it is not the water element.
What is it then?
It is just the fire element.
For there is the sensation (buddhi) of cold when heat is sluggish.
There is no quality that is called cold; there is only the assumption (abhimāna) of coldness due to the sluggishness of the state of heat.
How is that to be known?
Because of the unreliability of the sensation of cold, like ‘beyond and not beyond.’
For in hot weather, while those who stand in the sun and go into the shade have the sensation of cold, yet those who go to the same place from an underground cave have the sensation of heat.
And if coldness were the water element it would be found in a single group (kalāpa) along with heat; but it is not so found.
That is why it may be known that coldness is not the water element.
And that is conclusive (uttara) for those who agree to the inseparable existence of the primary elements; and it is conclusive too even for those who do not agree because it is disproved by associate existence through seeing the functions of the four primaries in a single group.
It is conclusive too for those who say that coldness is the characteristic of the air element;
for if coldness were the air element, coldness would be found in a single group along with heat, and it is not so found.
That is why it may be known that coldness is not the air element either.
But those who hold the opinion that fluidity (dravatā) is the water element and that that is apprehended by touching
should be told: ‘That fluidity touched is merely the venerable ones’ assumption as is the case with shape.’
For this is said by the Ancients:
‘Three elements coexisting with fluidity Together form what constitutes a tangible;
That “I succeed in touching this fluidity” Is a common misconception in the world.
And as a man who touches elements, And apprehends a shape then with his mind,
Fancies “I really have been touching shape,” So too fluidity is recognized’” (Vism-mhṭ 459).